Medicina

    • Problemas resolubles e irresolubles de la biofísica

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      El presente libro está dedicado al análisis de varios problemas fundamentales de la biofísica. El nivel de exposición del material no requiere conocimientos especiales de biología y física. Se han incluido los conceptos fundamentales de los campos de la física, biofísica y bioquímica directamente relacionados con la temática analizada.

      La primera parte contiene una breve historia del origen y desarrollo de la física biológica, y una exposición de los conceptos y leyes fundamentales de la termodinámica y la física estadística que serán imprescindibles para la comprensión del libro; asimismo, se describen muchas de las grandes paradojas de la física, cuyo análisis es de una importancia primordial para la comprensión de la esencia de algunos de los principales problemas de la biofísica.

      La segunda parte está dedicada al análisis de algunos de los problemas «resolubles» de la biofísica, relacionados con la explicación de los mecanismos moleculares de la catálisis enzimática y la transformación de la energía en la célula viva. Se analiza también el problema de las interacciones superdébiles, las cuales influyen en los procesos bioquímicos, fisiológicos y físico-químicos.

      En la tercera y última parte del libro se analizan dos problemas de la ciencia de la materia viva cuya solución requiere la introducción de nuevas leyes no demostrables, de nuevos principios. Estos problemas «irresolubles» de la biofísica, según la opinión del autor, son el problema de las primeras etapas de la evolución biológica progresiva y el problema de la conciencia individual.

      Este libro está dirigido a profesores, estudiantes y a toda persona interesada en los problemas de la biofísica y los campos de las ciencias naturales relacionadas con ella.

    • Man — Science — Humanism: A New Synthesis

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      Introduction. Man in the Age of Science and the Science of Man: Problems and Opinions
      Chapter One. Science at the Service of Man and Man as the “Measure of All Sciences” Scientific Cognition and Humanistic Values; the Ethics of Science
      1. Science in the Present World and the Present World of Science: Its Transformation info a Direct Productive and Social Force; the Emergence and Intensification of Global Threats and Problems; the Dilemma of Scientism and Anthropologism; Alarmism, Utopian Optimism and Scientific Humane Realism
      2. New Social and Human Problems at the New Stage in the Revolution in Science and Technology: the Need for “High Touch” Relations; Man as the Centre, Subject, and Object of Integrated Forms of Interaction among Scientific Disciplines; Scientific Cognition and Humanistic Values; a New Type of Science in the “Age of Man” Science and Ethics: an Alternative or Interdependence?
      3. Discussions on Science vs. Ethics: an Alternative or Interdependence? Freedom to Engage in Scientific Research and the Responsibility of Scientists; the Ethics of Science, Its Origins, Specific Characteristics, and Relation to Mankind’s General Socio-Ethical Values
      Chapter Two. Socio-Ethical and Humanistic Principles (Regulators) of the Scientific Cognition of Man
      1. Humanism and Ethics in the Context of Modern Biology; Evolutionary-Genetic Foundations of Ethics? Experimentation on Man: Socio-Ethical Evaluations and Solutions
      2. A Scientific Search for Man’s New Potentials vs. Neo-Eugenics; New Medicine and Bionic Technologies; the Development of Psycho-physiological Abilities and the Designing of “Artificial Intellect” the Problem of the Unconscious and Parapsychology: Myths vs. Reality
      3. Humanistic Problems of Human Genetics; Genetic Engineering: Unlimited Possibilities and Possible Limitations
      Chapter Three. Real Humanism as a New Moral Philosophy of Human Life
      1. Why Live? The Biological, Social and Moral-Humanistic Meaning of Human Life; the Evolution of Its Length, and Approaches to Its Artificial Prolongation
      2. Illusions of “Eternal Life” and “Universal Resurrection”. The Moral-Philosophical Meaning of Death and of Human Immortality (Examples from the History of Russian and World Thought)
      3. The Idea of Man’s Life, Death and Immortality in the Light of Modern Science: Advances of Reanimatology and Myths about “Life after Life” Humanistic Problems of Thanatology: “the Right to Die” and “the Culture of Dying” Man’s Uniqueness and the Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Forms of Life and Intelligence; the Immortality of Man’s Mind and Humaneness — the Immortality of the Human Race
      Conclusion. A New Synthesis of Man, Nature and Humanism in an Integral Culture of the Human Race
      Name Index

      About author

      Ivan FROLOV

      Professor, Doctor of Philosophy and a Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, is a member of the European Society of Culture (SEC). Born in Department of Philosophy at Moscow University. From 1968 to 1977 he was Editor-in-Chief of Voprosy filosofii. He is currently Chairman of the Scientific Council of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR for Philosophical and Social Problems of Science and Technology. His major works include Philosiphical Problems in Contemporary Biology (1961); Essays on the Methodology of Biological Research (1965); Genetics and Dialectics (1968); Contemporary Science and Humanism (1974); Scientific Progress and the Future of Mankind (1975); Human Perspectives (1979; 1983); Global Problems and the Future of Mankind (in English, Hindi, and Finnish Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1982, 1984).

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