Dialectics of Force


Ciencias Sociales
Battler A.
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In this book, for the first time in world scientific literature, the category of “force” is presented as an attribute of matter alongside motion, space, and time. This enabled the author to develop a different approach to solving the problem of the Big Bang, give a new formulation of the border between life and the inorganic world, and offer his own interpretation in the disputes on the mind-body problem. The category of “ontological force” formulated by the author has allowed him to develop a new definition of the concept of progress, which creates a methodological basis for fruitful research in the fields of the social sciences and international relations.

This book is intended for instructors and students of philosophy and the natural sciences, as well as for all those interested in the problems of the universe, life, and man.

Introduction: lexicon and method
Chapter I. The Phenomenology of Force
  1. Foreword
  2. Ancient Greek philosophers on force
  3. The philosophy of force in the works of European philosophers of the 15th -- 19th centuries
    Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464)
    Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
    Bernardino Telesio (1509-1583) and Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
    Rene Descartes (1596-1650) and Isaac Newton (1643-1727)
    Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677)
    John Locke (1632-1704)
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716)
    Julien Offray de La Mettrie (1709-1751), ?tienne Bonnot de Condillac (1715-1780) and Denis Diderot (1713-1784)
    Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
    Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775-1854)
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)
    Ludwig Buchner (1824-1899) and Joseph Dietzgen (1828-1888)
  4. The philosophy of force in the works of 20th-century Western philosophers
    Energy and quanta according to Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and Arthur Young
  5. Ontological bia, or ontobia
Chapter II. Forces in the Universe: Essence and Manifestations
  1. Force and/or energy
  2. The Big Bang, or the Theory of Everything
  3. Singularity vs. vacuum
  4. The Universe and its Laws
  5. Cosm?bia and the Cause of the Big Bang
  6. From the Egg's Big Bang to the Big Crunch
  7. God, the Anthropist Winnie the Pooh and Co
  8. The Second Law of Thermodynamics, or the Law of Entropy Growth
Chapter III. The Origin of the Organic World as a Manifestation of the Organic Force, or Orgagenesis as a Manifestation of Orgabia
  1. The Causes of the Emergence of Life on Earth
    The conception of the self-generation of life
  2. Biogenesis and Entropy
    Evolution = entropy
    Evolution vs. entropy
    Evolution plus entropy
    The second law of thermodynamics and biological information
    Evolution and entropy
  3. Other Conceptions of Evolution
    Sheldrake's A New Science of Life
    The origin of life: accident, purpose, or way?
    Darwin and Stephen J.Gould's model of punctuated equilibrium
  4. The Triumph of Karl Popper
    Life: necessity or accident?
    Progress and complexity
    What is life, or where is its beginning?
    Laws of the organic world
  5. The philosophy of Orgagenesis
    Life begins with man
    Orgagenesis as a manifestation of orgabia
    Some conclusions
Chapter IV. Man: Force and Progress
  1. Western currents and schools
  2. Physics of the mind and the mind of the physicist: which one will prevail?
  3. Neo-Berkeleyism, or transcendental consciousness
  4. The New Jersey Nihilists, Daniel Dennett and John Taylor
  5. Ken Wilber's conception of the complex approach
  6. Arthur Young's Conception
  7. From Materialism to Cosmism, or Soviet-Russian Approaches to the Problem of Consciousness and Thinking
  8. Consciousness -- Thought -- Force -- Progress
    A few words on reductionism
    The philosophical aspects of consciousness and thought
    Consciousness + thought = mind
    Knowledge = force
    Information and knowledge
    Information -- entropy -- knowledge
    Life and progress