Cosmology: Foundations and Frontiers

Astronomía
978-5-484-01029-5
2007
Clic: 130
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Resumen

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Preface
1 Fundamental discoveries in cosmology
  1.1. World of galaxies
  1.2. Cosmological expansion
  1.3. Cosmic Microwave Background
  1.4. Dark matter
  1.5. Dark energy
2 General Relativity and cosmology
  2.1. Spacetime
  2.2. Principle of Equivalence
  2.3. The Schwarzschild metric
  2.4. Orbits
  2.5. Deflection of light
  2.6. Black Holes
  2.7. Rotating Bodies
  2.8. Rotating Black Holes
  2.9. Curvature of 3-space
  2.10. Expanding Universe
  2.11. The scale factor
  2.12. Newtonian cosmology
  2.13. The early Universe
  2.14. Gravitational waves
3 Standard cosmological model
  3.1. The observed Universe
  3.2. Cosmic microwave background radiation
  3.3. Baryonic matter
  3.4. Dark matter
  3.5. Cosmic vacuum
  3.6. Physics of vacuum
  3.7. Cosmic energy composition
  3.8. Three epochs of cosmic evolution
  3.9. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
  3.10. Cosmic plasma and radiation
4 Gravitational instability
  4.1. Newton's idea
  4.2. Hydrodynamics
  4.3. Jeans Criterion
  4.4. Jeans length for collisionless gas
  4.5. Jeans mass in the expanding Universe
  4.6. Dynamics of gravitational instability
  4.7. The mass contained in early structures
  4.8. Perturbations of the gravitational potential
  4.9. Rotational perturbations
  4.10. Gravitational waves: tensor perturbations
  4.11. Radiation damping
  4.12. Radiation friction
  4.13. Plasma diffusion
  4.14. Free streaming in dark matter
  4.15. Dark matter perturbations at radiation domination
  4.16. Dark matter drag
  4.17. Isothermal perturbations after recombination
  4.18. Termination of gravitational instability
5 Formation of large scale structure
  5.1. Harrison--Zeldovich spectrum
  5.2. Evolution of the spectrum at lower scales
  5.3. Power Spectrum
  5.4. Galaxy groups and the vacuum dominated Hubble flow
  5.5. Perturbations and cosmic microwave background
  5.6. Observing CMB anisotropy
  5.7. Correlations
  5.8. The Virial Theorem
  5.9. Cosmic Energy Equation
  5.10. Nonlinear perturbations: spherical solution
  5.11. Tolman solution
  5.12. Nonlinear perturbations: plane solution
  5.13. Zeldovich flow in vacuum background
  5.14. Distributions of Halos
  5.15. Baryons in Galaxies
  5.16. Numerical Simulations
6 Evidence for dark matter
  6.1. The Milky Way and other disk galaxies
  6.2. The Local Group of Galaxies
  6.3. Relaxation Time
  6.4. Dynamical Friction
  6.5. Equilibrium distributions of stellar systems
  6.6. Weighing the clusters
  6.7. Sunyaev--Zeldovich Effect
  6.8. Subclusters
  6.9. Gravitational Lensing
7 Evolution of galaxies
  7.1. Quasars
  7.2. Binary Black Holes
  7.3. The General Three-Body Problem
  7.4. Three Black Holes
  7.5. Intergalactic Black Holes
  7.6. The Population of Escapers
  7.7. Forming stellar systems
  7.8. The Lyman alpha Forest
8 Current results, problems and ideas
  8.1. Is the Universe finite?
  8.2. Cosmic internal symmetry
  8.3. Gravity-electroweak interplay
  8.4. Cosmic coincidences
  8.5. Why does space look flat?
  8.6. Cosmic entropy
  8.7. The gross figures
  8.8. Extra dimensions
  8.9. What is natural?
  8.10. Why does the Universe expand?
  8.11. Why is the Universe uniform?